Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia, straddling the equator. It is an archipelago comprising thousands of islands, with a total land area of approximately 1.9 million square kilometers (around 735,000 square miles). It is situated between the Indian Ocean to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. Indonesia shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia, and it is also close to other countries such as Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, and Thailand.
Indonesia is located between latitude 6°08’N and 11°15’S and longitude 95°00’E and 141°00’E. Geographically, Indonesia is situated in Southeast Asia and is part of the Malay Archipelago. It is the world’s largest archipelagic country, consisting of more than 17,000 islands.
Astronomically, Indonesia lies mostly within the tropics and straddles the equator. This location gives Indonesia a tropical climate and diverse ecosystems, including rainforests, mountains, and coastal areas. The equatorial position also means that Indonesia experiences relatively consistent day length throughout the year and has a unique celestial view, including the ability to observe both the Northern and Southern celestial hemispheres.